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Electronics For You
July  2024   Issue Vol. 56  No. 7 

TRENDS: Green Hydrogen: Sustainable Fuel For A Carbon-Free Future
Green hydrogen is key to the energy transition. While currently expensive, it could become cost-competitive within a decade with economies of scale, technological advancements, and policy support. India’s abundant renewable energy offers a significant advantage.

INNOVATION: Flexing Innovation With Printed Sensors In Modern Electronics
Traditional sensors have long held sway due to their established reliability and cost-efficiency. Yet, as technological demands advance, the distinctive attributes of printed sensors—namely, their flexibility and multifunctionality—take centre stage.
INNOVATION: What To Look For In Energy Storage Systems
When selecting a technology for an energy storage project, it’s essential to consider several key factors.
TRENDS: The ‘Big Little’ Problem In Harnessing AI To Revolutionise Workplaces
As AI advances, exemplified by ChatGPT-4, job roles are evolving. Yet, there is significant potential to enhance productivity by synergising human intelligence with AI. Concurrently, efforts to resolve chip-related challenges persist, driving the continuous improvement of electronics for a promising future.
TRENDS: Hybrid Supercapacitors: Emerging As A Better Choice For Residential And Commercial Use
Hybrid supercapacitors and solar energy are reshaping energy storage, from India’s solar boom to maintenance-free solutions.
INTERVIEW: “All Our Delivery Partners Are In­dependent Micro-Entrepreneurs, Constituting A Workforce Of 20,000 Gig Workers” — Akash Gupta, Co-Founder & CEO, Zypp Electric
Zypp Electric handles 5 million monthly deliveries with its fleet of 20,000 electric vehicles, supporting the livelihoods of 20,000 driver partners. The company collaborates with NGOs and CSR organisations to recruit more women as delivery partners. In a conversation with Nitisha from EFY, Co-Founder & CEO Akash Gupta emphasised Zypp’s commitment to social change by empowering driver partners, particularly women and individuals with disabilities. Here are key excerpts from the conversation
INTERVIEW: “The Biggest Benefit For Fleet Owners Is The Saved Cost Per Month” — Dr Akshay Singhal, CEO, Log9
As the commercial electric vehicle (CEV) space heats up in India, doors for new business opportunities are also opening up. Log9’s CEO Dr Akshay Singhal had a chat with EFY’s Mukul Yudhveer Singh on why they launched ‘Amphion’ to tap on such a major opportunity.
TECHNOLOGY: Why Industries Are Shifting From Silicon To Silicon Carbide For Power Electronics
Silicon carbide (SiC) revolutionises power semiconductors, cutting switching losses by up to 90% and enhancing efficiency and compactness. As demand for electric mobility and sustainable energy grows, SiC drives a greener, more efficient future.
INTERVIEW: “Unfortunately, Many Startups Are Not Aware Of The Policies” — Sharath Shyamasunder, Founder & CEO, The Startup Zone
Should startups funnel their funding and investments into their existing bank accounts, or is it wiser to open a separate one? What are the other mistakes that startups make in India? Sharath Shyamasunder, Founder and CEO of The Startup Zone, with extensive experience working with over 5000 startups, discusses these issues with EFY’s Mukul Yudhveer Singh.
CIRCUIT: Interesting Reference Designs Of Wearables
PROJECT: Real-Time Environmental Data Logger And Plotter
In today’s world, where environmental concerns are increasingly at the forefront of global consciousness, the ability to monitor and analyse environmental data has become crucial. From ensuring optimal living conditions in homes and workplaces to tracking climate changes on a larger scale, the importance of real-time environmental data logging cannot be overstated.
CIRCUIT IDEA: Automatic Wash Basin Tap With LED Light
When waking up at night to use the wash basin, you may struggle to find the switchboard to turn on the light before opening the wash basin tap to wash your hands. To help, this automatic wash basin tap with built-in LED light has been designed using an IR module and 555 timer IC. The IR module is a very simple and compact device, which has transmitting and receiving IR LEDs and a comparator.
PROJECT: GPS Speedometer For Cars And Bicycles
In today’s fast-paced world, accurate speed measurement is crucial across various domains, from automotive vehicles to drones and athletic training. To meet this need, the following is a groundbreaking development: a GPS-based speedometer capable of measuring speeds up to 1854 kilometres per hour. What sets this speedometer apart is its compact size, utilising the Quectel L86 GPS + GPS module and the IndusBoard with the 3D accelerometer and compass sensor, all packaged in a tiny 3cm IndusBoard coin form factor.
PROJECT: Speech Transcription Using Raspberry Pi Zero
In a previous initiative, the Speech GPT terminal was introduced, which allowed users to ask questions in the terminal and receive spoken answers. This device further enhances the design using a more powerful board to transcribe audio in real time. Audio transcription is useful for recording meeting minutes, converting lectures to text, and various other applications. This device can also aid journalists in transcribing interviews. Here, GPT and a microphone are employed for transcription.
CIRCUIT IDEA: High/Low-Voltage Cut Out With Built-in Delay
Most electronic and electric devices require a voltage within certain limits. If the voltage applied is higher than normal, the current drawn by the circuit may exceed the rated value and damage the circuit. If the voltage is too low, the device may not function properly. In the case of a refrigerator or an air-conditioner, the compressor may not work and could lead to burning of the motor. Additionally, all devices that use compressors, such as refrigerators and air-conditioners, should be restarted after a gap of two to three minutes. Otherwise, the compressor, which is full of refrigerant, may not be able to rotate and may get burnt out by drawing excessive current.
PROJECT: Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE)-Based Nearby Person Notifier
Imagine the delight of children when they receive a notification of their working mother’s arrival while she is stil a few steps away from the entry door. Or designing a smart AC that automatically turns on when you are about to arrive home to welcome you with fresh cool air, or a smart garage door that gets notified when you are about to reach and unlocks automatically on your arrival.
Startups & Innovators
• EV Startup ‘E-Fill Electric’ Speeding Up Remote Charging Operations
• Cleaning And Cooling The Air With Karban Airzone
• chargeMOD Offers One-Stop Solution For Whole EV Ecosystem
Key Industry Trends That Can Shape The Future Of Your Business
Truly Innovative Electronics
Amongst numerous press releases of new products received by us, these are the ones we found worthy of the title Truly Innovative Electronics
New Products
• Components & Chips
• Embedded
• Manufacturing Equipment
• Test & Measurement
Research & Innovation Updates
• Eco-friendly battery as an alternative to lithium
• Catalyst slashes iridium use by 95% in hydrogen production
• Autonomous drone using neuromorphic AI
• Advanced aluminium alloy for thermal stability in EV
• High proton conductivity perovskite for fuel cells
Industry News: Industry Updates
• MeitY plans billion-dollar subsidy scheme for components manufacturing
• Government to revamp PLI scheme to boost telecom manufacture
• FAME 3 likely to launch on budget day with Rs 100 billion budget
• European Commission imposes anti-dumping duties on Indian optical fibre cable imports
• Essar to invest Rs 300 billion in green hydrogen plant
Electroons 2.0
Some stunning cartoons.
INTERVIEW: “Our Focus Remains Primarily On Industrial Ap­plications And Our Products Are Rel­evant In The Context Of Industry 4.0” — Samuel M, Global Marketing Manager, Numato Systems
With a clientele spanning over 14,000 global customers, including industry leaders such as Tesla, Google, and NASA, Numato Systems, an Indian original design manufacturer, is strategically leveraging its extensive distribution network, facilitated by the electronics e-commerce giant DigiKey. In a discussion with EFY’s Rahul Chopra, Samuel M, Global Marketing Manager, Numato Systems Pvt Ltd, disclosed the company’s strategic shift towards the electronics manufacturing services (EMS) sector, focusing on prototyping and research in FPGA and System on Module (SoM) technologies.

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July 2024
Issue Vol. 56 No. 7

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